The communications procedure is a mechanism through which an individual or a group of individuals from within the jurisdiction of a State party to the CEDAW Convention and the OP-CEDAW, can bring an alleged violation of a woman’s right enshrined by the CEDAW Convention to the attention of the CEDAW Committee.
It is a mechanism designed for use by an individual or a group of individuals seeking redress for a specific violation(s) resulting from an act or omission by a State party. By ratifying or acceding to the OP-CEDAW, a state acknowledges the competence of the CEDAW Committee to provide views and recommendations regarding written communications alleging violations of rights set out in the CEDAW Convention.
The communications procedure offers the individual an opportunity to access and claim rights guaranteed at the international level, which have not been implemented or are not enforceable domestically. It can be viewed as an extension into the international arena of domestic legal procedures.
The communications procedure differs from many other CEDAW procedures (such as the consideration of States parties’ reports or even the inquiry procedure) in that, rather than addressing the overall advancement of women within a country, it applies to particular violations of individual rights. In this way, it reflects the similar communications procedures of the Convention Against Torture (CAT), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD).
The communications procedure is established in Articles 1 to 7 of the OP-CEDAW. The proceedings for consideration of communications can be found in Section XVI of the Rules of Procedure [Rules 56 to 75].
The communications procedure:
Source: Confronting Discrimination: The Convention
on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women and
its Optional Protocol. Handbook for parliamentarians. 2003.
Inter-Parliamentary Union. p. 77