General Recommendation

General Recommendations (GR) are authoritative statements on the meaning of the provisions in the CEDAW Convention with respect to the rights of women and the obligations of the State, and on what kind of information should be included in State Party reports. These are produced by the CEDAW Committee, as mandated by Article 21 of the CEDAW Convention.

To date, there are 33 General Comments/Recommendations under the CEDAW Convention (as of August 2015). They deal with issues related to specific articles that have been noted as a concern during consideration of reports; and on Convention-related issues, such as Gender-based violence against women (GR 19), Migrant Women Workers (GR 26), and Older Women (GR 27). The summaries of each General Comment/Recommendation can be seen below.

LATEST: CEDAW GR 33 on women's access to justice (advance unedited version can be viewed here)

Summary of General Recommendations

GR

Summary

1

Time frame for initial and periodic reports

2

Format of initial and periodic reports

3

Role of education and public information programs to reduce stereotypical representations of women [Article 5]

4

Reservations to the Convention

5

Use of affirmative action measures to advance women's integration into education, the economy, politics and employment. [Articles 4, 7, 8, 10, 11]

6

Establishment of effective national machineries for the advancement of women; and distribution of CEDAW concluding observations

7

Resources for the CEDAW Committee

8

The use of affirmative action measures to achieve representation of women in international work [Articles 4 & 8]

9

Statistical data concerning the situation of women

10

Actions to commemorate the 10th anniversary of CEDAW

11

Technical advisory services for reporting obligations

12

Violence against women [Articles 2, 5, 11, 12 & 16]

13

Equal remuneration for work of equal value [Article 11]

14

Female circumcision [Articles 10 & 12]

15

Avoidance of discrimination against women in national strategies for the prevention and control of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) [Article 12]

16

Outlining the steps to be taken to recognise the contribution of unpaid women workers in rural and urban family enterprises [Articles 2 & 11]

17

Measurement and quantification of the unremunerated domestic activities of women and their recognition in the gross national product [Article 11]

18

Disabled women [Articles 3, 4, 10, 11, 12, 13 & 14]

19

Violence against women [Articles 1, 2, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16]

20

Reservations to the Convention

21

Equality in marriage and family relations [Articles 9, 15 & 16]

22

Amending article 20 of the Convention to increase meeting time available for the CEDAW Committee

23

Measures to be taken to implement equality in women’s political and public life [Articles 4, 7 & 8]

24

Measures to be taken to implement equality for women’s right to health [Article 12, 5, 10, 11 & 14]

25

Temporary special measures (elaboration on Article 4.1)

26

Women migrant workers

27

Older Women

28

Core Obligations of State Parties under Article 2

29

Economic consequences of marriage, family relations and their dissolution

30

Women in Conflict Prevention, Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations

31

Harmful Practices (Joint CEDAW/CRC General Recommendation/General Comment)

32

Gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women

33

Women's access to justice

To download the General Comments texts, please click here.